Ancient Road Network Within and Around Aigai
Manisa Celal Bayar Üniversitesi, Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi, Arkeoloji Bölümü, Manisa/TÜRKİYE
Keywords: Aigai, Aeolis, ancient road network, ancient city planning, settlement archaeology, architectural history.
An important part of the archaeological works and studies in Aigai are conducted on the city’s road network. As a result, it was determined that Aigai was a part of a strong transportation system in Antiquity, and especially during the Hellenistic and Roman Periods it was located at an important intersection between the sea and the inland and between north and south. Excavations on the road network within the city offer important results, especially in terms of understanding the development of the city. Aigai was a modest city throughout the Archaic and Classical periods. In the Hellenistic Period, city was improved and started to experience its glorious period. The area covered by the city almost quadrupled. The city was densely inhabited until the first half of the 3rd century AD and was almost completely abandoned during the Goth Raids in the third quarter of the 3rd century AD. The last settlement activity was in the late 12th and early 13th centuries. Studies in the road network also provide data on Aigai’s water infrastructure. In 2020, a road called Athena Street was unearthed. As a result of the excavations carried out in this area, it has also been possible to access findings from the 5th-6th centuries AD. Thanks to the unearthing of ancient roads, the visitors can comprehend the ancient city much better and travel more comfortably. Thus, an important gain is obtained for archaeological information to reach the public.